TOP 5 tallest trees in the world
Trees play an important role in human life - they can be a source of food, building material, energy and other necessary things, as well as the lungs of our planet. For this reason, they are under close scrutiny and protection of ecologists - especially the highest representatives of the plant kingdom, because each of them is at least several hundred years old. Interestingly, the tallest tree in the world and its cousins belong to the sequoia sempervirens species and grow only in one place in North America.
Hyperion is the tallest tree in the world
In ancient Greek mythology, the name Hyperion was borne by one of the titans, and the literal translation of the name means very high
The tallest tree at the moment is considered a sequoia named Hyperion. It grows in southern California in the Redwoods National Park, height - 115.61 m, trunk diameter - about 4.84 m, and age is at least 800 years. True, after the birds damaged the top of Hyperion, he stopped growing, and may soon give up the title to his brothers.
Trees are also known in history above Hyperion. So, the report of the Australian inspector of state forests in 1872 tells about a fallen and burnt tree, it had more than 150 m in height. The tree belonged to the species Eucalyptus regnans, which means regal eucalyptus.
Almost all giant trees have their own names.
Until August 25, 2006, another representative of the sequoia genus named Helios, which also grows in the Redwoods, was considered the tallest tree on Earth. It lost its status after park staff discovered a tree called Hyperion on the opposite side of a tributary of the Redwood Creek River, but it is hoped that he can bring it back. Unlike its taller brother, Helios continues to grow, and a few years ago its height was 114.58 m.
The tree got its name in honor of the legendary mythical hero due to the fact that it grows at a slight slope.
Closing the top three is another sequoia from the same Californian Redwoods National Park named Icarus. It was discovered on July 1, 2006, the height of the specimen is 113.14 m, the trunk diameter is 3.78 m.
There are only 30 groves left in the world where sequoias grow. This is a rare species, and ecologists are trying to maintain it - to grow it specially in British Columbia (Canada) and carefully protect nature reserves with sequoias.
Giant of the Stratosphere
In ten years, the tree grows by almost 1 cm
This sequoia was found in 2000 (locality - California, Humboldt National Park) and for several years was considered the leader in height among all plants in the world, until foresters and researchers discovered Icarus, Helios and Hyperion. The giant of the Stratosphere also continues to grow - if in 2000 its height was 112.34 m, and in 2010 it was already 113.11 m.
National Geographic Society
The tree is named after the American Geographical Society
A representative of Sequoia sempervirens with this original name also grows in California's Redwoods Park on the banks of the Redwood Creek River, its height is 112.71 m, trunk girth is 4.39 m.The National Geographic Society until 1995 was considered the leader among the giants, but today it only occupies fifth line in the ranking.
TOP 10 tallest trees in the world on video
The exact location of the trees mentioned above is carefully hidden from the general public - scientists are worried that a large influx of tourists to these giants will provoke soil compaction and damage to the branched root system of sequoias. This decision is correct, because the tallest trees on the planet belong to rare specimens of the flora, therefore they need protection and protection.
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A beautiful garden without hassle
March. I declare the summer season open! It's time to go to the country house and try to make your beloved a little more beautiful and well-groomed this year a vegetable garden without hassle.
The personal plot is an outlet for the Russian people. And even if for some people running a suburban economy is seen as "hunched over summer residents in the sweat of their brows heap their plots", for me it is always a pleasant pastime. Let's consider the idea of creating ornamental garden without hassle.
Useful and edible decorations
The French were the first to come up with the ingenious idea to create a garden, a vegetable garden, and a flower garden on one site. In order to separate rose bushes, garden beds with radishes and carrots and not allow trees to let excessive shade, enterprising Europeans created decorative trellises and trellises, thanks to which the landscape composition looked organic and whole. Let us, too, ask ourselves the question: how to make a garden decorative, we will follow in the footsteps of the sophisticated French.
Where to start a garden without hassle?
In order to set up a decorative garden on the site, you need to find a place for it, preferably away from the car parking, restroom and waste storage areas. Be sure to keep in mind that the place under it must be sunny. No shady side and windswept territory! And even if your plot is tilted, this is not a reason to give up your dream - you can make a decorative garden with your own hands in a cascading style using stone or wooden props.
Unlike the usual vegetable garden, where each vegetable-berry grows in its strictly measured garden bed, the ornamental garden is distinguished by a variety of shapes and sizes, a riot of colors and a wealth of plants planted in a joint planting.
So, if the area of your site is not represented in the form of unplowed land, where the summer resident has not yet stepped, you can create a garden in a checkerboard or chaotic manner without much hassle, while observing the classic rules for its creation:
- the beds are in the past, but in our decorative garden without hassle their place was taken by flower beds. Planting of plants, as the French say, is carried out by "courtine" - clumps, separately growing medium-sized massifs. This means that sunflowers and corn, as the tallest plants, should be planted in the background, tomatoes and peppers, as plants of medium height, in the center, and carrots and radishes on the edge, diluting the overall picture with thin gravel paths.
- any materials can be used as dividers, both ready-made structures: gratings, trellises, and natural ones: stones, gravel, logs, bricks. If the area has a perfectly flat surface, useful aromatic herbs and flowers, such as various basilicas, calendula, nasturtiums and marigolds, can be used to separate the plants.
Ideas for a decorative garden can be varied, from variations in the style of the legendary gardens of Babylon to hobbit villages. Use your imagination, sketch on paper, and bring your vision to life in your garden. And I can say with confidence that the scenery can be alive and, moreover, the garden will become less troublesome!
Ranking of the tallest trees in the world
|Ranking of the tallest trees in the world||10||Mendocino||112.2 m.|
|5||National Geographic Society||112.71 M. |
|4||Giant of the stratosphere||113.11 M. |
|3||Icarus||113.14 M. |
10th place - Mendocino
This giant has a height of 112.2 meters and a trunk diameter of 4.19 meters. Sequoia Mendocino for six years, from 1996 to 2000, bore the title of the tallest tree in the world. However, this was not officially announced anywhere in order to avoid the excitement of the excursion, since the previous record holders had already suffered from excessive attention from tourists. The tree grows in the natural state reserve "Montgomery Woods", which is located in the northern part of the California coast, Mendocino County (which is why it was given such a name). According to the results of scientific research, the age of the sequoia is at least a thousand years, which is quite a lot even by the standards of this long-lived tree genus.
9th place - Paradox
A sequoia called Paradox reaches 390 centimeters in diameter, and its height is 112.56 meters. It was the tallest tree between 1995 and 1996. Paradox is located on the territory of the state-owned California Redwoods Humboldt Park, in the Rockefeller Forest. This forest is the largest of all old-growth sequoia forests in the world. It is considered unique due to its ecosystem, which has been preserved in an unchanged state for many centuries.
8th place - Rockefeller
Rockefeller sequoia, like the previous one, grows in the Rockefeller Forest. The tree reaches a height of 112.6 meters, and its thickness is about four meters. Researchers have not yet come to an agreement as to what the exact trunk diameter is, as the sequoia has a bumpy base. It was first discovered in 1957, and it got its name in 1991, after billionaire and philanthropist John Rockefeller, who donated two million dollars to the reserve. At that time, it was the height record holder. Of all the tall trees in the world, the Rockefeller sequoia is considered the most beautiful.
7th place - Laurelin
The Laurelin tree is located in the Humboldt-Redwoods Park, its height is 112.62 meters, and the trunk has a diameter of 454 centimeters. The tree, like others like it, is at the same time a real ecosystem in which insects live, birds nest, and lichen grows on the surface. The famous sequoia is a real long-liver; according to research by scientists, it has existed for more than 1600 years. The tree owes its name to the works of the world famous English writer J.R.R. Tolkien - In the Lord of the Rings universe, Laurelin is one of the giant trees created at the beginning of time.
6th place - Orion
Sequoia Orion grows in California's Redwood National Park, located in San Mateo County. At 112.63 meters in height, she surpasses Laurelin by only one centimeter. The tree has a trunk diameter of 4.33 meters. The sequoia got its name in honor of the ancient Greek mythological character who possessed extraordinary beauty and enormous growth. According to the calculations of the researchers, the age of Orion is about one and a half thousand years.
5th place - National Geographic Society
The tree got its name from the National Geographic Society, one of the most significant scientific organizations in the United States. It also belongs to the sequoia genus, and is located in Redwood National Park, near the Redwood Creek River. The height of the giant is 112.71 meters, and its trunk reaches 439 centimeters in girth. Until 1995, the National Geographic Society was considered the tallest tree on the planet.
4th place - Giant of the stratosphere
Aptly named Sequoia Giant of the Stratosphere soars skyward in Humboldt Park in Rockefeller Forest. In the period from 2000 to 2010, the tree added as much as 70 centimeters up. Currently, its height is 113.11 meters, and the diameter of the giant's trunk is an impressive 5.18 meters. Interestingly, the sequoia was included in the 2004 Guinness Book of Records. However, after the discoverer of this tree, naturalist Chris Atkins, discovered taller specimens, the Giant of the Stratosphere lost the palm.
3rd place - Icarus
The tree, which is 113.14 meters high and 3.78 meters in diameter, was first discovered relatively recently - only in 2006. Located in Redwood Park, on a tributary of the Redwood Creek River. It features a bifurcated top. Icarus owes its name to the top scorched by the sun's rays. According to an ancient Greek legend, Icarus, with the help of the wings created by his father Daedalus, flew to a great height, but at the same time burned his wings. This sequoia, unlike many other tall members of its species, grows on a steep slope.
2nd place - Helios
A record holder named Helios also grows up in California's Redwood Park. It rises 114.58 meters above the surface of the earth, and its trunk diameter is 496 centimeters. In 2006, for several months, Helios bore the title of the tallest tree in the world, but soon another giant sequoia was discovered, which surpassed it by more than a meter. The name Helios borrowed from ancient Greek mythology, it belongs to the sun god.
1st place - Hyperion
Sequoia Hyperion was discovered in 2006 on the territory of the same state Redwood Park. Details of its location were not disclosed to avoid the impact of tourism. The tree with a total area of 502 square meters has a height of 115.61 meters and 484 centimeters in girth. Scientists were able to determine its age, which is about 700-800 years, which is quite a bit for the genus of trees living for several thousand years. In ancient Greek legends, from where the name of the tallest sequoia on the planet was taken, Hyperion is the father of the god Helios. According to experts, the gigantic tree will no longer grow in height, since its top has undergone significant damage from woodpeckers. So, probably in the coming years, he will give way to Helios.
Is it true that palm trees are the tallest trees in the world
Not. The tallest tree on earth is a sequoia
THE HIGHEST TREES IN THE WORLD
They grow in small groves on the western slope of the Sierra Nevada in California (at an altitude of 1500-2000 m). These are giant sequoiadendrons. Discovered in 1853, they amazed people so much that the most prominent of the trees were given their own names.
The tallest tree (now not preserved) reached a height of 135 meters with a trunk diameter of 12 meters. It was called the "Father of the Forests".
Today the giant sequoiadendron (Sequoiadendron giganteum) "Hypereon" is considered the tallest living tree in the world. Its height, according to unspecified data, is 113 meters. The former record holder bears the name "Giant of the Stratosphere" (112 meters). The largest is considered the giant sequoiadendron "General Sherman". Its height is 84 meters, the diameter of the trunk at the base is 11 meters, and the circumference of the trunk is 25 meters. It is estimated that this tree contains about 1,500 m3 of timber, i.e. about 2,500 tons.
In the Southern Hemisphere, its record holders are eucalyptus trees.About 150 species of eucalyptus grow in Australia, New Zealand, Tasmania and neighboring islands, forming a kind of forest, where eucalyptus is the main species (4/5 of all trees) of the forest). Eucalyptus amygdalin reaches colossal dimensions: some sources indicate up to 155 m in height and 10 m in thickness.But one of the tallest trees in Tasmania with a height of 92 m and one with a girth of 20 m was reliably recorded.
Of course not. This is a sequoia
And hyperion is not a palm tree, although it is a kind of sequoia.
Hyperion and Observation Trees. It is worth saying that, also, another species of sequoia is growing on our planet (not to be confused with the giant sequoia), which is also very, very interesting. This tree is called the Redwood of the Coast and is one of the tallest trees on our planet. It is worth saying that the tree, which is called Hyperion, holds the palm. Hyperion grows in Redwood National Park. This tree was identified by explorer Chris Atkins and amateur naturalist Michael Taylor in 2006. It should be said that the height of this tree exceeds three hundred and seventy-nine feet (about one hundred and fifteen meters). Thus, Hyperion (Hyperion) managed to break the previous record of the giant Stratosphere, which grew in the Red Trees National Park. The height of the giant Stratosphere reached three hundred and seventy feet (about 112.8 meters). It should be noted that scientists have not disclosed the exact location of Hyperion. The fact is that the terrain in which Hyperion grows is quite difficult. That is why scientists are trying to weaken the desire of visitors to admire this giant, as visitors can trample and, accordingly, disrupt the root system of the tree. It is worth saying that the giant Stratosphere is still quite an impressive specimen, which held the palm until 2006. However, these are not all of the amazing trees that you can find along the Redwood Coast. Also, here you can find the famous four giant mahogany trees. These trees are famous for being so large that you can drive your car through them. Equally famous is the so-called chandelier tree that grows in Leggett, California. It is a mahogany tree that reaches three hundred and fifteen feet, it is six feet wide, and the hole in this tree is about nine feet high. This hole in the tree trunk was formed in the thirties of the twentieth century.