Beautiful hedge of lilac, spirea and willow
But it will take you more than one year to grow a dense hedge of an acceptable height from coniferous trees, and it is quite difficult to propagate spruce and thuja. It is quite another matter - such unpretentious plants as willow, lilac, spirea. So, a willow hedge literally in a couple of years turns into a dense green "wall", and cuttings cut from adult plants are quite suitable for reproduction, so spending money on seedlings is completely unnecessary.
How to grow willow hedges
The undoubted advantage of a coniferous hedge is that it looks equally good at any time of the year, providing reliable protection of the site from prying eyes.
Particularly noteworthy are hedges of flowering shrubs - spirea and lilacs. Let them bloom only in early summer, but if you plant varieties with different flowering periods, you can enjoy the wonderful fragrance and beauty of the lush blooming bushes for a long time. A hedge made of lilac or spirea will become an undoubted decoration of your site, without requiring special care.
A hedge made of lilac or spirea will undoubtedly decorate your site
As a hedge, the holly willow looks good, which everyone is used to calling a willow or a red-leaved tree. In addition, gardeners often grow three-stalked willow (belothal), five-stalked (blackotal), rod-shaped, purple and dewy. The listed species are valued for their high frost resistance, resistance to waterlogging of the soil, rapid growth (except for black marsh), durability and unpretentiousness. Willow hedges are easy to trim to shape, or can be left loose.
Video about a lilac hedge
Brief instructions on how to make a willow hedge:
- pull the cord, marking an even strip of the future hedge;
- dig over the entire length of the soil half a meter deep and wide;
- drive in thick stakes every one and a half meters, connecting them with transverse poles so that you can tie up the shoots;
- cut strong willow cuttings and plant along the marking line to a depth of about 30 cm with a distance of 20 cm between the cuttings;
- Tie the upper ends of the shoots firmly to the transverse poles with a washcloth or young willow shoots.
Willow cuttings are usually rooted 100%, without requiring additional feeding and special care. All you have to do is prune the shoots in the fall and intertwine them together to make the hedge more durable. Within two years it will be impossible to crawl through such a green fence.
Willow cuttings usually root 100% without requiring additional feeding and special care
Making a blooming lilac hedge
It is best to choose lilac varieties for your hedge in May, when the flowering lilac bushes appear in all their splendor. So you can immediately choose the color of flowers that is most pleasant for you, and the aroma that you like, because the smell of different types of lilacs is very different: from delicate, subtle, to rich and even harsh.
The most preferred type for a hedge is the Amur lilac, which can grow in wet and arid areas, is not afraid of the polluted city air and, which is important, is not prone to raising the crown. Also popular among gardeners are Meyer's lilac, which is compact in size (grows up to one and a half meters), fast-growing Persian or Chinese lilac (reaches three meters in height), Hungarian, common and hairy.
The most preferred type for a hedge is Amur lilac
In central Russia, lilacs are often grown on plots, since they are not afraid of severe frosts. However, this seemingly unpretentious plant also has its own requirements:
- lilac grows best in sunny areas;
- for abundant flowering, the shrub needs good air circulation and bright sun for at least six hours every day;
- lilac does not like sandy, clayey and acidic soil, a slightly alkaline soil composition is preferable (the soil should be fertilized with bone meal, not peat). If the soil in your area is clay, before planting a lilac hedge, add gravel to the holes to prevent water stagnation.
Lilac cuttings are planted at a distance of one and a half to two meters from each other in pre-dug holes. Having set the stalk properly, the topsoil is leveled. Water the lilacs weekly after planting to stimulate their growth. When the bushes reach the desired size, watering is reduced to once a month.
In the future, regularly prune the lilac bushes after flowering so that they grow better, forming a dense hedge. Keep in mind that the buds of flowers that will bloom next season are laid almost immediately after flowering, in early summer. If you start pruning late, the buds will be destroyed. The top of the bushes should not be cut off, since the lilac will lose its shape from this and will grow unattractively.
Flower buds that will bloom next season are laid almost immediately after flowering, in early summer.
How to plant a spirea hedge
The spirea hedge looks very beautiful: lush bushes covered with numerous white, yellow or pink flowers attract many butterflies and fill the air with a slightly noticeable fragrance. Among the 90 species of spirea, there are shrubs of erect, weeping, hemispherical, pyramidal, cascading, creeping shapes. The shape of the inflorescences also differs: spike-shaped, pyramidal, paniculate, corymbose.
On some shrubs, inflorescences are located only at the very tips of the branches, on others they cover the upper part of the shoots, and on others they grow along the entire length of the shoots. The most popular among gardeners are: spirea sharp, gray, lily, Wangutta, Thunberg, Japanese and Nippon.
Regardless of the shape of the bush and the color of flowers, all types of spirea are frost-resistant, gas-resistant, photophilous, undemanding to the soil, grow well in urban conditions and easily propagate by seeds, layering, cuttings or dividing the bush. Since different types of spirea have different flowering times, with the skillful selection of plants, you can achieve continuous flowering from your hedge, from spring to autumn.
Video about hedges
Planting a spirea hedge is carried out in early spring or autumn. Dig a hole so that the depth is equal to the height of the roots of the seedling, and the width is twice the width of the roots. Before planting, place the seedlings in water for an hour, then gently untangle and fluff the roots, keeping the main clod of earth. The seedlings must be placed in a hole so that the lump does not protrude above the ground.
Then fill the hole with fertile soil, tamp and water it well. Then the ground should be mulched. Spirea is planted for a hedge at a distance of about 70 cm from each other.
A spirea hedge feels good both in the sun and in partial shade. All plants need is good water permeability and watering during drought.
Living country hedge. What is the best way to make it?
Not so long ago, hedges were more popular in European countries, in our country they preferred to enclose land plots with wooden or brick fences. But over time, the fashion for green natural fences came to our edges. Now more and more often in parks, recreation areas and suburban settlements, we observe how beautifully and accurately a hedge is used as a fence. What is the best way to make such a natural fence? There are a lot of options, it all depends on what kind of living fence you want as a result - low or high, strict evergreen or bright blooming, dense or not very.
But before deciding to plant such a fence, decide whether you need it, are you ready to spend time and effort on growing and caring, or is it better to make a fence from building materials? A hedge has disadvantages along with advantages. Find out about them and only then make a final decision.
Positive sides in the formation of a lilac hedge
- Doesn't need a regular, systematic haircut
- Reaches an impressive height, which makes the plant versatile in the formation of various hedges
- A fairly large selection of varieties resistant to frosty climates
- Do not need constant watering
- The ability to form multi-level fences from different species of lilac and create a color scheme
- Large selection of varieties resistant to various diseases.
Common lilac has a lot of positive qualities. It grows quickly and tall, creates a lush crown, which makes it impenetrable for outsiders. Blooming in spring carries the scent throughout the area. In addition, different varieties of lilacs have an individual scent.
Before planting a lilac hedge, you can choose the aroma that you like the most, as well as the variety with the most decorative appearance.
Legislative subtleties of the fence
Green fence has its own laws, and not only biological subtleties. There are also rules written on paper, posted on the Web, providing for administrative responsibility in case of non-fulfillment, from which their ignorance does not exempt anyone.
Planting trees and shrubs as hedges is subject to the general rules for planting vegetation on the site. That is, for tall trees - 4 m from the border with neighbors, medium-sized - 2 meters, shrubs - 1 meter. And, according to the new amendments, the fence between neighboring sites can be high and opaque only by agreement of the parties.
It turns out that a classic dense hedge of trees or tall shrubs is possible along the border of the site with neighbors only with mutual agreement (preferably in writing). In this case, her care will be carried out from two sides, which will greatly simplify the cultivation. And if the hedge is made of fruit plants, the collection of fruits is also simplified.
From the front side, a high hedge can also not be grown everywhere: there are restrictions for garden partnerships, for rural and urban settlements (restrictions on height, distance from sidewalks, roadways, etc.). Therefore, it would be nice to study the legal framework before growing a fence. Especially considering that, in addition to general requirements, there are also regional, local and even decisions of individual garden partnerships.
Relatively "hassle-free" places - on the border with a forest, a field and in the presence of 2 - 3 meter green areas on the side of the facade.
Preparation and landing
The shrub should be planted in spring or autumn in a place where there is a lot of light and fertile soil. It can be sod-podzolic or loamy soil. The algorithm for preparing and planting a bush is as follows:
- Landing site marking. Since the irga will grow quite quickly and magnificently, it is necessary to strictly observe the principle of planting and the distance between the bushes. A hedge made of irgi is planted in a checkerboard pattern, keeping the distance between trees in the range from half to two meters.
- Well preparation. In the places designated for planting, holes are prepared with a depth of about half a meter. Each hole should be about 80 cm wide.
- Planting seedlings. An irgi seedling is dropped into each hole, sprinkled with earth and watered abundantly with water.
- Pruning. The planted trees must be shortened with a pruner so that about 10 centimeters of the trunk remain on the surface, on which at least five developed buds.
Irga is a tree or shrub belonging to the subspecies of apple trees. The bloom is exuberant, white or beige. The plant reaches five meters in height. Translated from Latin, the name says "honey taste". The fruits are suitable for eating raw, making jam, wine, juices, compotes. The advantage of the plant is its unpretentiousness, frost resistance, ability to tolerate drought.
In nature, there are more than two dozen plant species. Natural habitat - North America. The apples range in color from pink to purple. The shrub is a fast-growing species. Abundant fruiting is possible up to seventy years. The plant is a valuable honey plant. The plant is highly fertile. Almost every color turns into a berry.
The plant relatively recently began to be used for cultivation. Wild species have been well known for several centuries. The sweetish taste of the berries has led to the high popularity of the fruit among children. Birds raid and trees. To protect the crop during cultivation, the plants are covered with a net.
For squeezing the juice, the berries are kept for several days after collection. Freshly picked fruits are not suitable for making a drink. The high pectin content turns the drink into a jelly-like liquid.
Industrial plant cultivation is not common in our country. Farmers of the North of America have long been using shrubs to obtain a valuable crop. The harvest is collected mechanically, used to obtain confectionery raw materials, making wine. The drink made from irgi fruits is in wide demand, has a rich, noble taste. Cultivation began in Great Britain in the fifteenth century. In our latitudes, the plant is cultivated in Siberia. Breeders use irgu for crossing with apple and pear. The plant's high resistance to frost and unfavorable conditions causes a growing interest in it.
The harvest period lasts from June to July. There are early ripening species that ripen in early July.
The domestic industry has not yet had time to appreciate the high value of the fruit. They have a sweetish taste and a little cinnamon aroma. The high pectin content allows the fruit to be used for making healthy jelly.
With extreme caution, use the product under reduced pressure. The ability to lower blood pressure allows the product to be used successfully for hypertensive patients. The berry is a powerful sedative. If a high concentration is required, this specificity must be taken into account.
How to make a hedge with your own hands in the country, photos and videos
Shrubs and hedge plants, evergreen climbing hedge,
Planting a hedge
- from willow,
- from thuja,
- from spruce,
- from hawthorn,
- from grapes,
- from creepers,
- from juniper,
- from barberry,
- from privet,
- from rose hips,
- from lilac,
- from flowers,
- from spirea
types of hedges
All about the prickly hedge
Hedge Design, Hedge Planting Pattern and Hedge Formation
Will you get a beautiful hedge from the combined spirea and hydrangea?
Christina, can plant a hawthorn or thuja behind. I found examples here.
Thuja and junipers
Did you think about the bladder?
Hardy, blooming, foliage comes in different colors. If desired, it is cut, the height from a dwarf of 30 cm to giants of 2.5-3 meters. It grows quickly, is always decorative, forms an excellent hedge, a good home and seed feeding for wild birds.
Picturesque in the fall. Resistant to wind, rain, snow.
A mono-fence can serve as an excellent backdrop for flower beds. The alternation of bladder bushes with different foliage colors will not let your eyes get bored.
Planting it interspersed with other types of shrubs is not a good idea, it will clog. And use it as a screen for flowering shrubs, incl. and spire, very appropriate.
If you want to preserve the white-green scale and alternate different plants, consider the tall Volzhanka (common, or Asian) as a substitute for the tree hydrangea.
These spectacular perennials with carved green foliage and huge snow-white inflorescences will be pleasing to your eyes. These Volzhanka are unpretentious, grow rather quickly, are decorative all summer and autumn (no need to rush to remove the inflorescences), attract a huge number of butterflies.
By the way, I saw a border of alternating tree-like hydrangeas and Volzhankas against the background of the lawn - an unforgettable sight. Treelike hydrangea can just be changed to gray spirea. She is spring-blooming, will fade, pass the baton to the Volzhanka.
Of course, interfere, it's more interesting!
I drew attention to the sunny location in the introductory notes, and also drew attention to the type of soil. Based on this, she offered Volzhanka. Let me explain now.
Clay soil is moisture-absorbing and is great for growing Volzhanov, even in the sun. There are only 2 drawbacks to growing Volzhanka in these conditions.
1 If during flowering there is hot sunny weather, the flowering of Volzhanka is slightly reduced, it fades a little faster. Not in 1 month, as reference books indicate, but in 2.5-3 weeks.
2. In direct sun, the height of the bush is slightly lower than the declared size, but the bush is denser and more abundant flowering.
By the way, the conditions for some of my Volzhankas are exactly the same - an open area and clay soil, and more recently, a heavily blown place.
Asian Volzhanka, end of June 2013