Any gardener wants to grow a fruit tree on his own plot that would give a good harvest. And of course, a garden crop such as a pear is an ideal option for such gardeners. Aromatic, sweet and very tasty fruits, of course, are liked by everyone. However, pears can be eaten not only fresh, they make delicious jams, compotes, as well as fragrant jam. However, before you start planting such a fruit tree, you need to find out which pear variety is best for your garden.
Features of choosing a suitable variety
Today there are a large number of different varieties of pears. So, some of them are highly resistant to the adverse effects of the environment, while other varieties should be planted only in soil that has been carefully prepared beforehand. All varieties of such a plant are distinguished by the fact that they prefer warmth and they need a rather mild climate. All varieties of pears are divided into 3 types:
In this case, you need to choose a seedling variety depending on when exactly you want the pears to ripen. Those gardeners who have experience in growing pears prefer to grow all three types of pear trees in their own at once. In this case, you can enjoy fresh juicy fruits throughout the season. Pear varieties with descriptions will be presented below.
Summer pear varieties
Fruits from trees of this variety ripen in the last days of July. At the same time, all the pears should be collected from the tree at once, since otherwise they begin to ripen, and rot will form on them. The fruits of this variety have one significant disadvantage, namely, they are stored for a relatively short time. These pears are great for growing for sale, as they can last for about 2 weeks. However, if you are growing pears for your own use, then you need to think in advance about where the entire crop will be.
Summer varieties include:
This variety is undemanding to care for. Such a plant does not require a special soil composition and certain conditions for growing. It is also undemanding for watering. The pears themselves are small and have a slightly watery taste. The pulp is watery and very juicy. When choosing a place for a seedling, it is necessary to take into account the fact that this plant grows quite strongly.
This pear variety is quite popular among gardeners. It is high-yielding, while not very large pears have high taste. Also, this variety is frost-resistant, therefore it is recommended to grow it in more severe climatic conditions. But even such a pear tree has a drawback - the fruits are not stored for long.
Yellow scented pears have a juicy flesh. They are eaten not only raw, but also canned. Fruit ripening occurs around mid-August. The pears are thin-skinned and have a slightly sweet flesh. Such a plant is highly resistant to fungal infections and parasites. It must be watered systematically.
Pears begin to ripen in the first days of July. The fruits are large enough, so, on average, their weight can reach 180 grams, and they are painted in a pale green color. The pulp has a honey smell and a slightly sour taste. Such a plant can be grown even in regions where there are prolonged droughts, because it is drought tolerant. This variety is high yielding.
This variety stands out for being the highest yielding variety. Pears are distinguished by their nutmeg taste, and they are colored light yellow and have red sides. The fruits ripen at the end of the summer season. This pear tree is ideal for those gardeners who do not yet have much experience. The plant is extremely unpretentious and undemanding, it can be grown even in the most unfavorable conditions, it is highly resistant to harmful insects and scab.
Summer varieties of pears Kudesnitsa, August dew, Oryol summer
Autumn varieties of pears
Ripening of such varieties occurs in autumn. The fruits can be stored for a relatively long time, and they have a denser and juicier flesh. In the event that the fruits are not harvested immediately after they ripen, the gardener may be left without a crop. These pears can be stored for 8 weeks.
Autumn varieties include:
This variety has high frost resistance and is a high-yielding variety. The fruits have one feature - they do not smell. The pulp is slightly juicy, slightly sour.
Ripe fruits are harvested in September. The tree itself is fast-growing, and its crown is spreading and large. Possesses high resistance to harmful insects and various diseases. Fragrant light yellow pears have a pleasant honey flavor. Storage duration is about 3 months.
This variety is popular with gardeners. A plant native to southern France. It is distinguished by its unpretentiousness and undemanding care, but such a tree must be systematically fed and pruned. Also, this variety can quickly adapt to new conditions. However, such a plant is very thermophilic; therefore, it is not suitable for growing in the northern regions.
Winter varieties of pears
The fruits of winter varieties are stored for a very long time. So, in most varieties, they can persist until spring. Pears ripen from the second half of September to the last days of November. It is recommended to harvest pears from these varieties as late as possible.
Popular winter varieties:
This variety is the most popular. This plant is frost and drought resistant and can do without full dressing. The pulp is juicy and has a slightly sweet pleasant taste. In order for the plant to grow well, it must be systematically thinned out.
The variety is popular in a large number of countries. It is high-yielding and undemanding to care for. Resistant to harmful insects and fungal infections. The skin of the fruit is thin and the flesh is sweet.
Now that you know the different varieties of pears, you can choose the ones that work best for your garden.
Pear variety for the garden - choose the best
The best varieties of pears for the Moscow region with photos and descriptions: the choice of gardeners
Adding an article to a new collection
Alas, due to its climate, the region of the Moscow region is suitable for growing not all varieties of pears - for example, winter pears practically do not ripen here. Consider and advise you 9 of the most successful summer and autumn varieties of these fruit trees for the middle lane.
The pear is a thermophilic plant, so the Moscow region, with its usually hot summer, seems to be ideal for it. But do not forget about the often severe local winters, as well as rather wet and prolonged springs and autumn with sharp temperature changes - not every pear variety is suitable for these places due to the individual degree of frost resistance. Therefore, we recommend that you plant exclusively proven and adapted to cultivation in the middle latitudes of pear varieties.
Pear Noyabrskaya: variety description
The trees of this pear are often quite tall, but it all depends on the growing region. For example, in the homeland of breeding the variety, trees do not differ in high height, which allows the branches to bend down to the ground for the winter and wrap tightly from frost. The more favorable the climate, the taller and more spreading the November pear tree will be. The description of the shoots can be described as: quite elastic, cranked and thick, greenish, and sometimes burgundy. The crown of the tree is most often rounded or pyramidal. Leaves are deep green on the outside and slightly whitish on the inside. One of the main advantages of this variety are: increased resistance to both frost and scorching sun, as well as regular fruitfulness. Fruits are very well preserved on the branch, even in strong gusty winds or other situations.
Dessert Rossoshanskaya late
Rossoshanskaya - pear with fruits of autumn ripening period
Belongs to late varieties, ripening of fruits comes at the beginning of September. Dessert pear can be stored until January under proper storage conditions.... A hybrid, the result of crossing the varieties Lyubimitsa Klappa and Tonkovotka, bred in 1952. The tree is vigorous, more than 6 m in height, the seedling has a narrow pyramidal trunk, gray in color, an adult tree forms a wide and smooth trunk. The crown of the pear is branched, young branches are gray, looking up.
The fruit is large enough, weighing up to 180 grams, dark green tones at the beginning of ripening and brown-red shades by autumn. Fastened on branches of 6 pieces on thick stalks. Harvesting begins at 3 - 4 years, the yield percentage is high. Sweet to taste, with soft skin and juicy pulp.
Pear Belarusian late
Bred in Belarus. The variety is late, ripening at the beginning of September. Small tree, no more than 3.5 m in height, the branches look straight up, the crown is gray-brown, smooth. Leaves are light green, oblong in shape, with uneven edges. Flowering occurs at the beginning of spring, the inflorescences are white, with a pleasant aroma.
Fruits are dull, light green in color, changing during the summer to orange-red shades. The peel of the pear is rough, rather dense, with small black spots. The stalks are short, the pear is squeezed onto the branches in pairs. The pear tastes fleshy, with white pulp, juicy, has a slight sourness... The pear is winter-hardy, not subject to pests and diseases. Minus - it does not bear fruit every year, it needs rest.
Olivier de Serre
Olivier de Serre
The work of a French breeder. The variety is quite capricious, it requires special conditions for growth and careful care. The tree is medium-sized, the crown is compact, the branches are directed upwards. Crown of brownish shades, smooth, slightly flaky... During the summer, it forms many new branches, which reduces the yield, so it is important to remove excess branches in the fall. The leaves are shiny, dark green, rounded.
Fruits can weigh more than 400 grams... In appearance, the fruits are small, round in shape, with a thick skin. The whole fruit is covered with red spots, the surface is bumpy, uneven. The pear is sweet, with white fleshy pulp and a light pleasant aroma. The pear ripens by September and is stored harvested until spring.. It is resistant to diseases, but in severe winters it needs additional shelter, otherwise the amount of harvest in the next year decreases.
Pear of late ripening Bere Ardanpon
It was bred in Belgium by N. Ardanpon in 1759. This winter-hardy undersized hybrid requires special care. It prefers to grow in the sun, heat and well-moisturized soil - only under these conditions does the tree bear fruit. The tree is vigorous, with a dense crown of brownish-gray color... Young branches are thin, not lowered, The leaf blade is pointed, dark green in color, slightly pointed in shape. Blooms in early spring, with white fragrant inflorescences.
Fruits are large, green in mid-summer and reddish when fully ripe closer to autumn. A pear with a thin, smooth skin. This variety fell in love with gardeners because of its attractive presentation., which persists until cold weather. The pear is sweet to taste, with white, fleshy flesh. It tolerates winter firmly, but it is better to cover young seedlings.
The Gera variety is famous for its large fruits.
The same applies to winter varieties, which appeared as a result of crossing Reale Turin and Daughter of the Dawn. The variety is not particularly different from others, but because of its large fruits, it fell in love with gardeners. One pear can weigh up to 280 grams! In addition, the fruits have light green hues, which change to reddish during the ripening process. Not inferior in taste, pears are sweet, with fine-grained cream-colored pulp. They have a delicate, slightly sour taste, with a pleasant aroma.
The tree is medium-sized, no more than 6 m high, with spreading branches, crown, brownish color. Capable of producing a large amount of harvest annually, not picky about conditions and care. Plucked fruits can be stored for several months. In addition, the variety is quite resistant to diseases, not afraid of insects, frost-resistant.
Another winter pear, a hybrid obtained by crossing the Daughter of Zarya and Talgar beauty varieties. Possesses excellent resistance to frost and disease... Has a pyramidal crown, no more than 5 m high. The branches are thin, look up, gray-brown in color. The leaves are rounded, dark green in color, small light streaks are clearly visible. Blooms in early spring, with white fragrant inflorescences.
High yield variety, by weight one fruit from 140 to 210 grams, can remain on the tree for a long time and can be stored for a long time when assembled. Fruits are light green in color; towards autumn they become yellowish, slightly elongated. Sweet to taste, with fleshy pulp, have a delicate pleasant aroma.
Medium in size. The crown is wide, has a pyramidal shape, the branches of the tree hang down. The fruits are large, on average 170 g, but it happens that the weight of the fruit reaches 250 g.
The peel of the plant is yellow-green in color, smooth, sometimes has a reddish blush. The flesh of pears is white, sometimes creamy. Pears are very juicy and sweet, fine-grained, dense.
The advantage of this variety is that the fruits do not crumble, even when ripe. The tree begins to bear fruit at 4 years old, but the first pears can be seen on the branches for 2-3 years. The variety is very productive, an average of 95 kg is harvested per year.
In a productive year, this figure can grow up to 150 kg.
- Not afraid of both frost and drought
- Resistant to fungal diseases, including scab
- Long-term plant
- High yield
- Adapts to different climatic conditions
- Not picky about leaving
- Attractive appearance
- Good taste
- Stored for a long time, well transported
The variety originated in France, but is often found in Spain and Italy. In these countries, the plant is most often grown for industrial purposes. It is recommended to grow this variety in warm regions, but the pear also tolerates mild frosts normally.
The plant grows medium in size, only 3-5 m in height. The crown is very wide, lush, and has a pyramidal shape. The Abbot is intended for long-term storage, therefore, it is harvested 1.5 - 2 weeks before it is fully ripe, and the Abbot fully ripens in mid-September.
The tree begins to bear fruit at 4 years old, but the maximum pear yield falls at 7-8 years. Although the tree does not need pollination, gardeners note high yields in the presence of a pollinator. The fruits are large enough, on average 250 g, but sometimes there are real "giants" weighing up to 400 g.
The color of ripe fruits is greenish-yellow, and on the sunny side of the pears they acquire a pink blush. They are very juicy, with a pronounced aroma, white or creamy flesh. Some people notice subtle notes of acidity in the fruit, which gives the pear a special zest.
- Aesthetic appearance
- Great taste
- Easy to transport
- Stored for a long time
- It tolerates frost well
- Disease resistance
In memory of Yakovlev
The tree is not tall, its crown has a rounded shape of medium density, and the leaves have leaves of a rich green color. The pear is early-growing, the first harvest, large enough, can be harvested 4-5 years after planting. In the sixth year, one harvest will be at least 20 kg.
In this case, the crown will remain neat and small in size. This variety tolerates frost well, so you can harvest the crop even after the first frost. The variety is not picky, it can be grown by both professional gardeners and beginners in this business.
The fruits themselves are quite large, their weight can reach 200 g. In addition, they have excellent taste characteristics and a pleasant aroma. The fruit has a characteristic golden color, sometimes gray-yellow.
There is a soft blush on the fruit. The pulp is juicy, very sweet, creamy.
- Early maturity
- Unpretentious care
- High yield
- Excellent taste characteristics
- Compactness of wood
- Resistant to scab and other diseases
- Fruits are asymmetrical, may be knobby
- Stony cells may appear on fruit
- Poor drought tolerance
The variety was bred at the Belarusian Institute of Fruit Growing. It is considered the work of the breeder M.G. Myalik, O. A. Yakimovich and G. A. Alekseevna. The variety is quite young, it has appeared on the State variety testing since 2005.
It's just that Maria is considered a late variety, she begins to bear fruit in October. Good yield is relevant for the variety, and severe frosts do not interfere with it, the yield and quality of fruit does not change from this. Medium-sized fruits - up to 180g.
Rarely, but there are pears weighing 230 g, the shape of the fruit is neat, pear-shaped, the skin is thin without any flaws. Although the plant is self-fertile, a pollinator planted nearby can increase pear yields. The pulp has a reddish tint, medium density.
The fruits have very good taste characteristics: pears are sweet, with hints of sourness, very juicy.
The tree can be up to 5 meters high. The crown is very voluminous, round in shape. The flowers of the plant are large, rich white.
The pear of this variety also begins to bear fruit early, 3-4 years after planting. The fruits of the plant are of medium size, weighing only 100-120 g. The peel of the plant is rough, brown in color and very dry.
The shape of the fruit is correct and symmetrical. On the pears, you can see subcutaneous points of light brown color. It's time to pick the fruit, green in color, and the blush on it is dark red.
Before using, you need to wait until the pears are ripe. The orange color and raspberry barrel of the pear will tell you that you can eat it. The taste is very rich, sweet, slightly oily.
The pulp has a pleasant aroma and is very juicy.
- Average tree sizes
- Early maturity
- Good yield
- Delicious fruits
- Not exposed to scab
- You can store pears for up to 5 months.
- Poorly tolerates winter frosts, requires insulation in a harsh winter
- The fruits are too dense, so they bite hard
The size of the tree is medium, the plant can reach 5 m in height. The most abundant harvest is collected for the first 8 years. The fruits are also medium in size, the average weight is 120-150 g.
But with proper care, the weight of one pear can be 250-300 g. The peel on the fruits is dense, but thin with a rough surface. A ripe pear has a golden yellow color, but you need to harvest earlier, when the fruits are still greenish.
Of all the known varieties, the Forest Beauty tolerates frost best. She calmly withstands temperatures down to -50.
- Great taste
- It tolerates drought and frost well
- High yield level
- Not picky about leaving
- Fruits fall off if the harvest is not harvested on time
- Deteriorates quickly
- Often get sick with scab
The second name of this variety is the Excellent Daughter. To create it, the varieties Venus and Lesnaya Krasavitsa were crossed. The tree itself is medium in size, reaching a maximum of 4 m. In height.
The average weight of fruits is 140-180 g. They are symmetrical and pear-shaped. The pulp of a pear is milky in color, it is very juicy and delicate in taste.
- Frost resistance
- Not susceptible to fungal diseases
- Good yield, annual fruiting
- Afraid of the cold
- Begins to bear fruit late
- With high yields, fruits become smaller
The best varieties of pears. How to plant a pear?
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By the way, I love pears. In general, I already have a rule - there are pears for breakfast, although many nutritionists do not advise eating pears in the morning, but instead of pears I recommend apples, but I'm fine, I have breakfast like that with pears, for more than many years and with the gastrointestinal tract. everything is fine. especially. that I have a physical job, in the morning I have to eat high-calorie, and pears, by the way, are a very high-calorie and hearty fruit)) Well, the fact that, of course, some varieties of pears have a drawback, in that they deteriorate very quickly and not all varieties are resistant to abrupt changes in the microclimate. And of the varieties that are proposed in this article, I most often dealt with "Severyanka" and "Conference". “Severyanka” is certainly softer and sweeter, but “Conference”, despite the fact that this variety is a little hard on the bite, is more satisfying. It's really enough for me to eat two pears and for a couple of hours I will definitely be full)
A pear in the country is my dream. I was looking for information about varieties, I found this article, which I am very happy about. Added to bookmarks. In my aunt's village, the trees are strewn with fruits - sweet juicy, albeit small. I can't even grow the tree to fruiting. I cover, take care of, - all the same in any way. I tried three varieties. I don't remember the first name, the last two - Conference and Marble. Freeze out. It seems so to me. I admit that another reason is also possible.
From this article I have outlined several varieties for new experiments. I'll have to try Lada. And be sure to Maria - judging by the information here, she has no weaknesses at all. I'll try. Maybe at least she will get accustomed to me. Because you so want to indulge in your own sweet fruits! But we have a thunderstorm of even the most reliable varieties. These are hares. In winter, this is the only way they run around the gardens. The apple trees are already big, they are several decades old, the bark is rough - they are not touched. But young pears gnaw only in this way. We tie a lapnik around - for warmth and against hares - it does not help.
I have a special area that is completely set aside for a garden of apple and pear trees. If I planted apples for my relatives, then I grow pears mainly for myself. I practically do not eat apples and I simply distribute all the fruits. Unless I can eat the “White filling” variety, but marina Antonovka. But pears are a completely different matter. At the moment, I have 6 varieties of pears growing. All varieties are summer and sweet. I plan to plant new varieties in the next couple of years, as those that are available have begun to grow boring. After reading the article, I found several varieties that interested me in the first place: “Bere Moskovskaya”, “Marble”, “Lada” and “Chizhovskaya”. If I have plenty of summer varieties, now I will be able to diversify my garden a little with autumn varieties of pears and enjoy their fruits. Although more than one year will pass before the first fruits, if you do not start now, in principle they will never be.